The 39 Incredible Spots To Find Agates In Arizona In 2024

By Dr. Keith Jackson - Geology PhD

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The 39 Incredible Spots To Find Agates In Arizona In 2024

By Dr. Keith Jackson - Geology PhD


Agates are a real treat for the eyes! Arizona’s extensive and varied landscape makes it an excellent place to look for agates, but it takes knowledge and experience to find the exact spots where these beautiful stones can be found.

Agate can be hidden in rocky areas, which makes it challenging for someone without experience. The vastness of Arizona’s desert areas can make it hard for newcomers to find their way around and explore.

Without the right direction, people could waste hours looking in the wrong places. Lucky for you agate hunters, there are now a lot of resources to help you to increase your chances of success!

What is Arizona Agate?

Agate photo provided by and available for purchase at DakotaRock

Agates are known for their beautiful patterns and colors, from how mineral deposits and geological processes work together. They come in various colors, from soft pastels to bright and bold ones.

Each piece is different, with intricate bands, swirls, and inclusions that are interesting to collectors and fans alike. Agates have a natural beauty that never fails to impress, whether used to make jewelry or decorations.

Agate is made when minerals are deposited in holes in rocks. This can be caused by volcanic activity or the slow filling of holes in sedimentary rocks. As solutions rich in silica seep into these holes, they slowly crystallize into layers of microcrystalline quartz.

You can use this article as your guide to determine how much agates are worth.

Moss agates

Moss agate is known for its unique inclusions resembling moss or ferns. It’s a type of chalcedony, which is a microcrystalline quartz. It’s usually clear to opaque and has a glossy shine.

The green spots in moss agate are caused by minerals like iron oxide or manganese oxide, which give the stone its unique look. Moss agate can be green, blue, or brown; its patterns are often the same as miniature landscapes or forests.

It’s possible to find moss agates in Arizona, mostly in areas with volcanic activity, such as ancient lava flows and volcanic ash deposits.

Fire agates

Fire agate is a beautiful and highly sought-after type of agate that gets its name from how its colors change in the light, like flames. It’s a type of chalcedony with a unique internal structure that lets light and colors move around lively.

The fiery colors of the stone include reds, oranges, yellows, and sometimes even greens and blues. Fire agate gets its beautiful play of colors from thin iron and manganese oxide layers that build up inside the stone.

When light passes through these layers and interacts with them, it scatter and creates a beautiful show of iridescence and spectral colors.

Arizona is renowned as one of the primary locations to find fire agate. The state’s deserts and mountainous regions, particularly in the southeastern part, are rich in fire agate deposits.

Blue lace agates

Blue lace agate is known for its thin bands of blue and white. It’s a type of chalcedony with a structure made up of tiny crystals that makes it look clear. The blue color of blue lace agate comes from small amounts of copper in the stone.

The banding patterns, ranging from light blue to white, create a lacework-like beauty. Blue lace agate’s calming and soothing energy makes it popular for spiritual and metaphysical uses. It’s often carved into beads, cabochons, or other decorative shapes and used in jewelry.

While blue lace agate is not as commonly associated with Arizona as other agate varieties, it can be found in some state regions. Agate enthusiasts may come across blue lace agate in parts of Arizona that have chalcedony deposits.

Red agates

Red agate, also called carnelian, is known for its deep red color. It’s a short, opaque stone with a waxy or glassy shine. The iron oxide impurities in the silica-rich solutions that make up agate give it its red color.

The gemstone’s color can range from deep red to reddish brown, and it often has banding patterns and layers of transparency that make it look better. Red agate is often used in jewelry, carvings, and other decorative items because it represents courage, vitality, and passion.

How We Know About Great Locations For Agate in Arizona
With agates being so beautiful you can image that the best spots are not always advertised widely. In fact, it isn’t unusual for good places to find agates to be secrets known by just a few locals. Fortunately, you do know someone who has been around the block!

The key factors in our recommendations are:

  • The deep experience and understanding of our team about the area
  • Recommendations from local groups and clubs
  • How easy it is to get the a particular location
  • Safety and potential hazards when collecting
  • Weighing private and public locations
  • The ability for both experienced and novice agate enthusiasts to find great samples

With these factors in mind we’ve been able to put together a fantastic list that just about anyone can use!

Rock pick being used

The tools every agate hunter will need

When you're out looking for agates having the right tools for the job is really going to make or break your success. You don't need a lot for most trips but there are a handful that are critical and will make your life a lot easier.

We get asked a lot about the equipment we use. Over the years we've found a handful of tools that we recommend to both new and experienced agate hunters which we outline in great detail in our complete rockhounding tools and kit guide. These are quality options that also happen to be relatively inexpensive.

Below are the basic tools that make your life so much easier and save you a ton of time. Check out the full guide to see everything we recommend bringing. One quick note, as an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases but we try very hard to only recommend gear we would use ourselves and often recommend brands you can't find on Amazon.

At a minimum you should have:

1 - Sturdy rock hammer: The Estwing Rock Pick is our standard

2 - Rugged chisels: Try Kendo' 3-piece Chisel Set

3 - Compact shovel: The Koleiya 28-inch shovel works well

4 - Rock screen pan: The Wazakura Soil Sieve Set fits the bill

5 - Eye protection: DeWalt Safety Glasses are cheap and comfortable

6 - Head protection: Malta's Safety Helmet has been our go-to

7 - Jewelers lens with at least 20x magnification: Jarlink's Jewelers Loop is perfect

The agate-finding books that we use most

There are also a few books that have been extremely helpful in the search for gems. These books have great recommendations and tips:

National Audubon Society Field Guide to Rocks and Minerals: North America 

Southwest Treasure Hunter's Gem & Mineral Guide 

Earth Treasures: The Southwestern Quadrant 

We provide links to find these tools on Amazon but some can also be found at your local hardware stores. For more recommendations check out the link to our full tool guide above.

The Best Spots To Find Agates in Arizona

A stunning bright red agate with a unique shape

Here are some places in the state where you can find agates. Even though there are many great locations to find gems in Arizona, not all can have agates.

Always Confirm Access and Collection Rules!

Before heading out to any of the locations on our list you need to confirm access requirements and collection rules for both public and private locations.

These requirements are subject to change without notice and may differ from what we state below.

Always get updated information directly from the source ahead of time to ensure responsible rockhounding.

Agua Fria River

Calm and serene Agua Fria River by the mountain side with a huge rock formation along the riverbank

The Agua Fria River flows through diverse landscapes, including scenic canyons, desert terrain, and volcanic rock formations, creating an ideal environment for the creation and deposition of agate.

The Agua Fria River’s ancient volcanic activity has resulted in basalt and rhyolite rocks, which are known to host agate deposits. These rocks, formed from volcanic lava and ash, contain voids and cavities that are perfect for the crystallization of agate over time.

Its proximity to Phoenix and the surrounding metropolitan areas provides easy accessibility, allowing agate hunters to embark on day trips or weekend excursions.

Before you bring your agate crystals home from Arizona, know the most updated rules about collecting there.

Where we found agates in Agua Fria River

Agates can be found along the Agua Fria River in Arizona in various locations where suitable geological conditions exist. When searching for agates along the river, focusing on areas with exposed bedrock, gravel bars, and eroded banks is beneficial.

Apache National Forest

A beautiful scenic view of the Apache National Forest with lush greens and clear blue skies

Spanning over two million acres, the Apache National Forest encompasses diverse landscapes, including mountains, canyons, and high desert terrain, which provide a conducive environment for forming and occurring agates.

The vastness and varied topography of the Apache National Forest make it an appealing destination for agate enthusiasts. Its remote and less populated areas offer opportunities for solitude and uninterrupted exploration.

Where we found agates in the Apache National Forest

The Apache National Forest has numerous potential locations to search for agates. The forest is known for its volcanic rock formations, such as basalt and rhyolite, which serve as hosts for agate formation.

Ash Spring Canyon

Layers of rocks sit on the vast area of Ash Spring Canyon where you can find agate specimens

Ash Spring Canyon is renowned for its potential to yield a variety of agates. The geological formations present in the area, including volcanic rocks and sedimentary deposits, provide an ideal environment for the formation and occurrence of agates.

The erosive action of the canyon and the unique combination of geological forces have exposed layers of rocks that could contain agate. The canyon’s beauty adds to the overall experience, making it an immersive and exciting place for people who like agates.

Where we found agates in the Ash Springs Canyon

You can find beautiful agates in Ash Spring Canyon by looking in creek beds, gravel bars, and on the faces of bare rocks.

Cabeza Prieta Mountains

A beautiful photo of the mountains from afar

The Cabeza Prieta Mountains feature a combination of volcanic rocks, sedimentary layers, and metamorphic formations, offering a rich and varied environment to explore.

There are volcanic rocks, sedimentary layers, and metamorphic formations in the Cabeza Prieta Mountains, offering a rich and varied environment to explore. In addition to volcanic rocks, the mountains’ diverse geology includes sedimentary layers that can provide unique agate formations.

Where we found agates in Cabeza Prieta Mountains

Exploring the mountainous terrain, canyons, and washes within the Cabeza Prieta Mountains can unveil hidden treasures, where agates may be found in various colors, patterns, and formations.

Echo Cliffs

The majestic Echo Cliffs that contain various agate specimens

The diverse rock formations within Echo Cliffs contribute to the potential for discovering a variety of agate specimens. The cliffs consist of layered sedimentary rocks, such as sandstone and shale, which can harbor agate deposits. Agates found in these formations often display intricate banding patterns and vibrant colors.

Volcanic activity in the area led to the formation of rocks that hold agates. This makes it possible to find unique agates made by interacting with different volcanic processes.

Where we found agates in Echo Cliffs

One potential location for finding agates in Echo Cliffs is along the cliffs’ base. Erosion and weathering processes expose layers of sedimentary rocks, providing opportunities for agates to be revealed.

Other Great Places To Find Agates in Arizona

The Santa Maria River flowing between mountain ranges and green grasses

We’ll give you more ideas after we’ve mentioned the best places to look for agates in Michigan. To make things easier, we put them in order by county.

Our recommendations by county

County Location
Gila Cypress Thicket
Gila Roosevelt Reservoir
Gila Coolidge Dam
Graham Black Rock
Graham Copper Reef Mountain
Greenlee Ash Spring Mountain
Greenlee Peloncillo Mountain
Greenlee Ward Canyon
Greenlee Limestone Canyon
Greenlee Crystal Mountain
Greenlee Sunset Peak
Greenlee Mulligan Peak
Greenlee Brister Willow Springs
Maricopa Saddle Mountain
Maricopa Cave Creek
Maricopa Castle Hot Springs
Maricopa Champie Ranch
Maricopa Eagle Trail Mountains
Mohave Mississippi Wash
Mohave Lake Meade
Mohave Meadow Creek Pass
Mohave Sitgreaves Pass
Mohave Black Mountain
Pinal Martinez Canyon
Yavapai Cathedral Cave
Yavapai Santa Maria River
Yavapai Date Creek
Yavapai Burro Creek
Yavapai Sycamore Canyon

Additional areas you can find agates

We want to ensure your search works because Arizona is a big state. You need to look in these places where agates are often found.

Fresh rock exposures

Fresh rock exposures are very popular with agate collectors because they are more likely to find clean and colorful specimens. When new parts of the rock are exposed, either by natural geological processes or human actions, it allows people to find agate formations that haven’t been worn away.

One advantage of fresh rock exposures is that they offer a higher probability of finding agates with well-defined banding patterns and vivid colors. The natural erosion and weathering over time can degrade agate specimens, making the banding less distinct and the colors less vibrant.

Rivers and riverbanks

Rivers and riverbanks are favored locations for agate collectors due to the unique processes within these dynamic environments. Agates are often found in riverbeds because the constant flow of water acts as a natural polisher, removing the outer layers of rocks and exposing the gemstones within.

Water movement in rivers also plays a crucial role in the concentration and distribution of agates. More durable than surrounding rocks, agates can resist erosion and remain in the riverbed as other materials are washed away.

Streams and creeks

Streams and creeks are highly favorable locations for agate collectors due to their unique geological processes and constant water flow. The continuous water movement in these watercourses is a natural sorter, carrying away lighter materials and leaving behind heavier agate specimens.

The erosion caused by the water flow exposes new sections of the streambed, unveiling hidden agate deposits. Over time, the action of water breaks down rocks and sediments, gradually revealing agates that were once embedded within.

Common Agate-Hunting Questions

A tiny shiny polished agate stone

People often ask the following questions about agates in Arizona, and it’s essential to know the answers.

Is it illegal to collect agate in Arizona?

You can collect agates in Arizona as long as you do so legally. When you’re in a public place, it would be best if you follow the rules. Make sure you have permission before going onto private land.

The Best Places To Buy Agates In Arizona

Celestial Moon rock shop in Arizona where there are many amazing agate finds you can buy

Not everyone likes spending all day outside looking for agates. Sometimes, you only need a display or another beautiful agate piece to complete your collection. Here’s where you can buy agate crystals in Arizona.

If you have any recommendations for our list please leave a comment below!

About Dr. Keith Jackson - Geology PhD

Keith Jackson is an avid rockhound who is constantly exploring new sites to expand his collection. He has worked as a professional Geologist for over 20 years and holds a PhD in Geology from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, a Masters Degree in Geology from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and a Bachelors Degree in Geology from the University of Connecticut.

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