The 54 Prime Locations To Find And Mine For Opal In Colorado In 2024

By Dr. Keith Jackson - Geology PhD

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The 54 Prime Locations To Find And Mine For Opal In Colorado In 2024

By Dr. Keith Jackson - Geology PhD


Colorado has a rich and diverse geology, with mountains, valleys, and plains all holding hidden natural gems. From shiny gold to sparkling quartz, you’ll find a bit of everything here. But one of the most enchanting treasures you can find is Colorado opal. It’s like holding a piece of the rainbow in your hand!

With so many places to explore, it can be overwhelming to know where to start looking. Don’t worry, though! We’re here to guide you to the prime locations where you can find opal in Colorado and experience the beauty of nature at the same time.

These best places, where the scenery is as stunning as the rocks you’ll discover, include the South Fork Republican River, Opal Hill, Piñon Mesa, Colorado River, and the Uinta Mountains. They aren’t just good for finding opals— they’re perfect for making memories too.

Whether you’re climbing up a rocky trail or exploring a quiet riverbank, the excitement of discovering a Colorado opal is matched only by the beauty of the land around you.

What Is Colorado Opal Anyway?

A large piece of opal crystal showing vibrant green, blue, and orange colors
Opal photo provided by and available for purchase at NaturalArtMinerals

Imagine a rock that can show all the colors of the rainbow in a dazzling display— that’s opal for you. It’s made from tiny bits of silica, the same stuff that makes up sand, but arranged in a way that creates amazing colors.

When light hits the tiny silica particles inside this gem, the light bounces around and creates a play of colors. This is one of the key features that makes it easier to identify opal. When you look at it from various angles, it can look different.

Opals are not only beautiful to look at, but they’re also useful. People love to use it in jewelry, like necklaces, rings, and earrings, because they add a unique touch of color and beauty.

But what largely influences the value of opal? Apart from its stunning beauty, the rarity of its certain types adds to its value. Some opals have rare patterns or particularly vibrant colors, which make them more sought after. Also, the more vibrant and visible the colors are from all angles, the more valuable the gem is.

If you’re wondering where to find opal, Australia is famous for it. It even produces most of the world’s supply. Other countries like Mexico, Brazil, and the U.S. also have opal mines.

How We Found The Best Opal Locations in Colorado
When it comes to choosing the best options for finding Colorado opal there are plenty of things we consider. Many of the best locations are closely guarded secrets which can make it really difficult for more casual rock hunters to find success. The key factors in our recommendations are:

  • The deep experience and understanding of our team about the area
  • Recommendations from local groups and clubs
  • How easy it is to get the a particular location
  • Safety and potential hazards when collecting
  • Weighing private and public locations
  • The ability for both experienced and novice rock enthusiasts to find great samples

With these factors in mind we’ve been able to put together a fantastic list that just about anyone can use!

The Best Places To Find Opal in Colorado

A stunning opal crystal showing play-of-color in violet, pink, green, blue
Opal photo provided by Koroit Opal Company –

Sure, there are plenty of great gem mine sites in Colorado, but be aware that not all of them have opals. Despite this rock’s rich deposits in our state, there are only specific prime locations where you can successfully find them.

Below are our top recommended ones:

Always Confirm Access and Collection Rules!

Before heading out to any of the locations on our list you need to confirm access requirements and collection rules for both public and private locations.

These requirements are subject to change without notice and may differ from what we state below.

Always get updated information directly from the source ahead of time to ensure responsible rockhounding.

South Fork Republican River

A look at the meandering waters of the South Fork Republican River

South Fork Republican River flows through the eastern part of Colorado, carving its way through diverse landscapes. Its journey begins in the high, rolling plains, offering wide, open views of the sky and land. As you follow the river, you’ll notice the terrain changes, with small hills and valleys appearing.

The river has helped expose different layers of rock and soil over time. You’ll find sandstones and shales, and if you’re lucky, you might spot some opal.

If you’re keen to explore this area, getting here is part of the adventure. The South Fork Republican River is accessible from several small towns in Eastern Colorado.

One of the best ways to get there is by driving from Denver. It’s about a 3 to 4-hour drive, depending on which part of the river you’re aiming for. You can take I-70 East and then head south on smaller highways, following signs toward the river.

But before you head out here, make sure to revisit and review first the latest collecting guidelines of Colorado.

Where we found opal in the South Fork Republican River

To find opals at the South Fork Republican River, you can explore the broad area along the river to the Yuma County border. Downstream, you can also search for opal along both sides of the river all the way to the Kansas border.

Rock pick being used

The tools every geode hunter will need

When you're out looking for geodes having the right tools for the job is very important. You don't need a lot for most trips but there are a handful that are critical and will make your life a lot easier.

We get asked a lot about the equipment we use. Over the years we've found a handful of tools that we recommend to both new and experienced geode hunters which we outline in great detail in our complete rockhounding tools and kit guide. These are quality options that also happen to be relatively inexpensive.

Below are the basic tools that make your life so much easier and save you a ton of time. Check out the full guide to see everything we recommend bringing. One quick note, as an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases but we try very hard to only recommend gear we would use ourselves and often recommend brands you can't find on Amazon.

At a minimum you should have:

1 - Sturdy rock hammer: The Estwing Rock Pick is our standard

2 - Rugged chisels: Try Kendo' 3-piece Chisel Set

3 - Compact shovel: The Koleiya 28-inch shovel works well

4 - Rock screen pan: The Wazakura Soil Sieve Set fits the bill

5 - Eye protection: DeWalt Safety Glasses are cheap and comfortable

6 - Head protection: Malta's Safety Helmet has been our go-to

7 - Jewelers lens with at least 20x magnification: Jarlink's Jewelers Loop is perfect

The geode-finding books that we use most

There are also a few books that have been extremely helpful in the search for gems. These books have great recommendations and tips:

National Audubon Society Field Guide to Rocks and Minerals: North America 

Southwest Treasure Hunter's Gem & Mineral Guide 

Earth Treasures: The Southwestern Quadrant 

We provide links to find these tools on Amazon but some can also be found at your local hardware stores. For more recommendations check out the link to our full tool guide above.

Opal Hill

A wide view of the Opal Hill showing its rock deposits and foregrounded by thin grass

Opal Hill is famous for its beautiful opals, hidden like jewels in the rough terrain. Mesa is in western Colorado, and Opal Hill itself is part of a larger, rugged landscape. It’s known for its hills and valleys, with a mix of rocky outcrops and patches of greenery.

The area is made up of volcanic rocks, which is where you can find opals. These can vary: some are clear and shiny, while others have a play of colors that change in the light.

Getting to Opal Hill is an adventure in itself. It’s located near the town of Mesa, which is about a 4-hour drive from Denver. You can take I-70 West towards Grand Junction and then follow smaller roads to Mesa. From Mesa, Opal Hill is just a short drive away, but the terrain can be rough, so you can use a four-wheel-drive vehicle.

Where we found opal in the Opal Hill

If you want to find Colorado opal, you can search through and explore both sides of Opal Hill, where other rockhounds have reported finding them.

Piñon Mesa

Epic view of the ridges of the Piñon Mesa

Located in the western part of our state, Piñon Mesa is a large, flat-topped mountain surrounded by rugged terrain. The mesa, covered with piñon pine and juniper trees, stands out in the landscape, offering breathtaking views.

This place is rich in volcanic rock, which is a good sign for finding opals. Walking around Piñon Mesa, you might find these hidden gems. The opals here can range in color and quality.

To get to Piñon Mesa, you’ll start with a scenic drive through western Colorado. If you’re coming from Denver, it’s about a 5-hour drive.

You’ll head west on I-70, then take smaller roads towards the Mesa County area. The last part of the journey to Piñon Mesa involves some off-road driving, so a vehicle with good ground clearance is recommended.

Where we found opal in the Piñon Mesa

You can find opals in areas with volcanic rock in Piñon Mesa. Searching along eroded surfaces and rocky outcrops where volcanic material is exposed increases your chances of finding them.

Due to the mesa’s rugged and varied terrain, a careful examination of areas where rock layers intersect can also be fruitful.

Colorado River

A picturesque view of the Colorado River enveloped by its amazing valley

Colorado River starts high in the Rocky Mountains and winds its way through our state, creating a pathway of diverse landscapes. Along its course, it flows through canyons and valleys, offering a variety of terrains to explore.

The geology around the Colorado River is fascinating. The river has carved through layers of rock over millions of years, exposing different geological formations. In areas with volcanic activity in the past, like near Glenwood Springs, you can find opals.

To get to the Colorado River, you can start from Denver and take a road trip westward. The drive to the river can take anywhere from 2 to 4 hours, depending on which part of the river you want to explore. I-70 is the main route as with our other recommended locations above.

Places like Glenwood Springs or the Grand Junction area are good starting points for your opal-hunting adventure.

Where we found opal in the Colorado River

You can find opals if you explore west along the Colorado River and in its tributary canyons to the Utah border.

Uinta Mountains

Scenic view of the Uinta Mountains foregrounded by lush fields of green

The Uinta Mountains stretch into Colorado from Utah, making them unique as they run east to west, unlike most mountain ranges in North America. They’re known for their stunning peaks, some reaching over 13,000 feet, and their beautiful, forested slopes.

They’re made up of very old rock formations, some dating back to Precambrian times. This ancient landscape is a mix of quartzite, shale, and sandstone. But the exciting part for us opal hunters is the presence of volcanic material in certain areas. It’s in these volcanic areas that you might find opals.

If you’re planning on visiting, you’d typically start from Denver. It’s about a 5 to 6-hour drive, heading northwest towards the Colorado-Utah border. You can take I-70 West and then smaller highways north towards the mountains.

Where we found opal in the Uinta Mountains

To find opals, we highly recommend exploring the south and east slopes of the Uinta Mountains, hillside gravels along US-40, and north of US-40 between the Utah line and Cross Mountain.

Other Great Places To Find Colorado Opal

A stunning matrix opal with hints of different colors on a generally brown matrix
Matrix opal photo provided by Koroit Opal Company –

Luckily, you won’t easily run out of prime locations to find opals in Colorado. Below are some more sites that you can visit to find this fascinating natural treasure in our state:

Our recommendations by county

County Location
Boulder Black Hawk No. 1 Vein
Boulder Clyde Mine
Chaffee Browns Canyon Mining District
Chaffee Snowflake Deposit
Chaffee Buffalo Peaks
Chaffee Hortense Hot Spring
Chaffee Ruby Mountain
Clear Creek Gilson Gulch
Conejos King Turquoise Mine
Custer Rosita Hills
Douglas Castle Rock
Eagle Roadside quarry on Highway 131
Elbert Platte River gravels
Elbert Short distance southeast of Elbert
El Paso Rosa No. 1 trench
Fremont Barbara Claims
Grand Hot Sulfur Springs
Gunnison Gunnison River Gorge
Hinsdale Goodwin’s Creek
Jefferson Denver pegmatites in road cuts
Jefferson North Table Mountain
Kit Carson Broad area in Burlington
Kit Carson Landsman Creek
Lake Belgian Mine
Larimer Cache La Poudre
Larimer Specimen Mountain
Mesa Colorado River Valley and side canyons west from Grand Junction to the Utah line
Mesa Serpent’s Trail area around Glade Park
Mesa Downstream in Indian Creek Canyon
Mineral Upstream on Ute Creek
Mineral Creede Formation
Mineral Rio Grande River
Moffat Browns Park Formation
Moffat Horse Draw
Park South Park salt works
Rio Blanco Piceance Basin
Rio Grande Twin Mountains in Old Woman Creek area at west edge of the San Luis Valley
Rio Grande West of parking area on South Slopes of Twin Mountains
Saguache La Garita Creek
San Juan South Mineral Creek
Summit Red Jacket
Teller Black Cloud Mine
Teller Orpha May
Weld Sterling Mine

Common Opal-Hunting Questions

A beautiful white opal with a rainbow of flashes
Opal photo provided by Alex Weber – in NC, USA

Now that you know where to look, allow us to help you answer the most common question when it comes to finding opals in Colorado:

Is it illegal to collect opal in Colorado?

The legality of collecting opals in Colorado, like other minerals, largely depends on the location and land ownership.

On public lands, such as national forests and Bureau of Land Management areas, casual rock collecting for personal use is often allowed, but there may be specific rules and limits. For instance, there could be restrictions on the amount you can collect or the tools you can use.

On state-owned lands, the regulations can be different, and it’s important to check with state authorities or park management. However, collecting on private property without permission is illegal.

It’s always a good idea to do your homework before you go: check the current regulations for the specific area where you plan to collect. For more information, check with the Colorado Parks and Wildlife.

The Best Places To Buy Opal In Colorado

A peak at the showroom and available items at The Rock Shop with a few customers keenly looking at specimens

On top of the many prime locations where you can find naturally occurring opals in Colorado, you can also pay a visit to our trusted local rock and mineral shops if you want to take home opals. Below are some of our favorites:

About Dr. Keith Jackson - Geology PhD

Keith Jackson is an avid rockhound who is constantly exploring new sites to expand his collection. He has worked as a professional Geologist for over 20 years and holds a PhD in Geology from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, a Masters Degree in Geology from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and a Bachelors Degree in Geology from the University of Connecticut.

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