The 11 Proven Places To Find And Mine For Turquoise In Oregon In 2024

By Dr. Keith Jackson - Geology PhD

| Updated

The 11 Proven Places To Find And Mine For Turquoise In Oregon In 2024

By Dr. Keith Jackson - Geology PhD


Oregon, a land of natural beauty, holds a treasure trove of rocks and minerals. That’s why its diverse geology is a haven for rockhounds! From the lush forests to the rugged coastlines, it has a variety of landscapes that hold unique rocky wonders.

Among these precious finds is the beautiful and vibrant turquoise. If you’re wondering where exactly to look for Oregon turquoise, we’ll show you the proven places where rockhounds and rock enthusiasts before you have found them.

Finding turquoise in Oregon may be a challenge of its own, but with a keen eye, you’ll find them in places like the Alvord Desert, Columbia River, Salem Hills, White River, and Nehalem River.

Let the rocky trails of our state lead you to the heart of turquoise!

What Is Oregon Turquoise Anyway?

A big nugget of rough, vibrant sky blue turquoise
Turquoise photo provided by and available for purchase at OriginMinerals

Turquoise is a captivating gemstone that comes in delightful shades of blue and green. It’s like having a piece of the sky with you! Its color makes it easy to identify turquoise from its hiding. It forms when water seeps through rocks, picking up copper, aluminum, and other minerals on its way.

This gem has been beloved for thousands of years and admired by ancient civilizations like the Egyptians and Native Americans. To this day, the price of turquoise remains to reflect people’s appreciation of its beauty and uses.

Turquoise is often used to make beautiful jewelry. Imagine wearing a necklace or a ring with a piece of this blue wonder. But it’s not just pretty; many also believe it has healing properties and can bring good luck.

It’s often found in arid regions where the unique combination of minerals in the soil and the action of water create the right conditions for it to form. Places like the American Southwest are famous for their turquoise. Other countries like Iran, China, and Mexico are also known for this beautiful gem.

The Types Of Turquoise Found In Oregon

When you’re out exploring the depths of Oregon to find turquoise, be aware that these are the different colors it may come in:

  • Sky blue turquoise
  • Blue-green turquoise
  • Green turquoise
How We Found The Best Turquoise Locations in Oregon
When it comes to choosing the best options for finding New Mexico turquoise there are plenty of things we consider. Many of the best locations are closely guarded secrets which can make it really difficult for more casual geode hunters to find success. The key factors in our recommendations are:

  • The deep experience and understanding of our team about the area
  • Recommendations from local groups and clubs
  • How easy it is to get the a particular location
  • Safety and potential hazards when collecting
  • Weighing private and public locations
  • The ability for both experienced and novice geode enthusiasts to find great samples

With these factors in mind we’ve been able to put together a fantastic list that just about anyone can use!

The Best Places To Find Turquoise in Oregon

Different raw pieces of vibrant turquoise
Turquoise pieces photo provided by The Crystal Lion®

As we said above, Oregon has a plethora of gem mine sites. But if you want to find Oregon turquoise, your best chance to do so is to explore the following proven places that contain them:

Always Confirm Access and Collection Rules!

Before heading out to any of the locations on our list you need to confirm access requirements and collection rules for both public and private locations.

These requirements are subject to change without notice and may differ from what we state below.

Always get updated information directly from the source ahead of time to ensure responsible rockhounding.

Alvord Desert

Vast expanse of dry lands at the Alvord Desert

The Alvord Desert is a dry lake bed that stretches over miles, offering a vast playground for rock hunters. Its floor is a canvas of cracked mud, while the surrounding mountains stand as silent witnesses to the geological wonders that took place over millions of years.

The geology of the Alvord Desert is a blend of volcanic and sedimentary rocks, a perfect concoction for turquoise formation. Its terrain is flat and open. The Steens Mountain looms large on the western edge, making the contrasting landscape of flat desert and towering mountains a sight to behold!

If you want to visit, be aware that getting to the Alvord Desert is a journey through Oregon’s scenic landscapes. From Burns, take Highway 78 East, then switch to the Fields-Denio Road which will lead you to the desert.

But before you head out, it’s essential to get familiar with and abide by Oregon’s latest collecting guidelines.

Where we found turquoise in the Alvord Desert

You can find different sizes of turquoise at the Alvord Desert if you explore the areas with exposed bedrock, dry lake beds, or along the slopes and base of the surrounding mountains like Steens Mountain.

Rock pick being used

The tools every geode hunter will need

When you're out looking for geodes having the right tools for the job is very important. You don't need a lot for most trips but there are a handful that are critical and will make your life a lot easier.

We get asked a lot about the equipment we use. Over the years we've found a handful of tools that we recommend to both new and experienced geode hunters which we outline in great detail in our complete rockhounding tools and kit guide. These are quality options that also happen to be relatively inexpensive.

Below are the basic tools that make your life so much easier and save you a ton of time. Check out the full guide to see everything we recommend bringing. One quick note, as an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases but we try very hard to only recommend gear we would use ourselves and often recommend brands you can't find on Amazon.

At a minimum you should have:

1 - Sturdy rock hammer: The Estwing Rock Pick is our standard

2 - Rugged chisels: Try Kendo' 3-piece Chisel Set

3 - Compact shovel: The Koleiya 28-inch shovel works well

4 - Rock screen pan: The Wazakura Soil Sieve Set fits the bill

5 - Eye protection: DeWalt Safety Glasses are cheap and comfortable

6 - Head protection: Malta's Safety Helmet has been our go-to

7 - Jewelers lens with at least 20x magnification: Jarlink's Jewelers Loop is perfect

The geode-finding books that we use most

There are also a few books that have been extremely helpful in the search for gems. These books have great recommendations and tips:

National Audubon Society Field Guide to Rocks and Minerals: North America 

Northwest Treasure Hunter's Gem & Mineral Guide 

Earth Treasures: The Northwestern Quadrant 

We provide links to find these tools on Amazon but some can also be found at your local hardware stores. For more recommendations check out the link to our full tool guide above.

Columbia River

A gorgeous overlooking view of the Columbia River and its gorge

Columbia River is the largest river in the Pacific Northwest. Stretching over 1,240 miles, it begins its journey in the Rocky Mountains of British Columbia, Canada, flowing through diverse terrains to meet the Pacific Ocean.

The part of the river that carves through Oregon is particularly intriguing for rock hunters. As it passes through the Cascade Range, it forms the Columbia River Gorge, a breathtaking landscape of mountains, bluffs, and cliffs.

The gorge is where the river interacts with an active volcanic arc at the edge of a major plate boundary. Its surrounding regions have a rich basaltic geology due to ancient lava flows, part of the Columbia River Basalt Group, which covered northern Oregon around 17 to 6 million years ago.

If you’re coming from Portland and you want to go here, take the I-84 E highway, which will lead you directly to the gorge.

Where we found turquoise at the Columbia River

The mix of volcanic and sedimentary rocks in the Columbia River gorge and nearby areas hold promise of turquoise finds. You can also search for this gem in the swamps near the river itself.

Salem Hills

A glance at a vineyard at Willamette Valley where Salem Hills is located

Nestled in the heart of the Willamette Valley, Salem Hills have witnessed the geological ballet of nature over eons. This place has an enticing blend of moderate elevations ranging from about 150 to almost 1,100 feet, with the serene Mill Creek meandering through, carving its way to the wider expanses of the Willamette Valley.

Its terrain is a canvas where past volcanic activities have painted a picture rich in minerals. Among the geological treasures are the Ferruginous Bauxite Deposits, a legacy of Miocene basalts.

Embarking on a rock-hunting adventure to the Salem Hills is like turning the pages of a living geological book. If you’re coming from the heart of Salem, take OR-22 E and continue on State St. Follow signs for Stayton/Sublimity for about 10 miles to get here.

Where we found turquoise at Salem Hills

The Ferruginous Bauxite Deposits in Salem Hills are notable for interesting minerals, including turquoise.

White River

A beautiful view of the White River

White River flows through regions rich in volcanic history. As you wander along its riverbanks, you’ll find yourself amidst a variety of rocks and minerals. The terrain around the river is a blend of forested areas and open lands, offering a picturesque backdrop for any activity, especially finding Oregon turquoise.

The geology of the area around White River is a palette of colors. Among its rocks, the elusive turquoise hides. The region’s volcanic history, with the right blend of minerals in the soil, creates a favorable environment for turquoise formation.

To reach this rocky wonderland, you would start your journey from the nearby town of Maupin. Take the US-197 S from Maupin and follow it to the White River Road.

Where we found turquoise at the White River

To find turquoise, explore White River’s riverbanks, nearby creeks, and areas with exposed bedrock. Its surrounding mountainous areas and other nearby locations that have a history of volcanic activity or sedimentary formations are also promising spots to explore.

Nehalem River

A scenic view of the Nehalem River and its surrounding landscape

The Nehalem River, located on the Pacific coast, flows through a captivating landscape. Stretching about 119 miles long, it unveils the hidden beauty of the Northern Oregon Coast Range as it courses through, initially rising in the northeast corner of Tillamook County within the Tillamook State Forest.

This river’s vicinity is a paradise for rockhounds. The ancient volcanic activities here have paved the way for a diverse range of rocks and minerals, including turquoise. Its trails, scenic waterfalls, and old native forests only add to the allure of the place.

If you want to go here from Portland, take the U.S. Route 26 W and OR-53 S to the Nehalem River area. The journey itself is a prelude to the geological marvels that await, as the road winds through lush forests and alongside bubbling streams.

Where we found turquoise at Nehalem River

One of the best spots to seek out turquoise at the Nehalem River is along the public areas of the river near Timber Road and the Banks-Vernonia State Trail. The gravel beds and banks here are especially promising, housing colorful gems and other volcanic minerals and stones.

Common Turquoise-Hunting Questions

A raw piece of blue-green turquoise
Turquoise photo provided by and available for purchase at NewMoonBeginnings

Before you head out here, it would help you to know the answer to the most common question when it comes to finding turquoise in Oregon:

Is it illegal to collect turquoise in Oregon?

Rockhounding, including the collection of rocks and minerals like turquoise for personal, non-commercial use, is generally allowed on public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the U.S. Forest Service, given certain conditions.

According to the BLM and the U.S. Forest Service, no permits are required for collecting rocks and minerals as a hobby as long as the materials are for personal use and not for sale.

However, there are specific regulations you need to adhere to, depending on the area you are collecting from. For more information on these, consult with the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries.

The Best Places To Buy Turquoise In Oregon

Another way you can find and possibly take home turquoise from Oregon and other parts of the world is by paying a visit to our trusted rock and mineral shops.

Be mindful that what you’ll find in the following places may be a combination of raw, polished, and cut turquoise. You may even find pieces that are already set in jewelry.

About Dr. Keith Jackson - Geology PhD

Keith Jackson is an avid rockhound who is constantly exploring new sites to expand his collection. He has worked as a professional Geologist for over 20 years and holds a PhD in Geology from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, a Masters Degree in Geology from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and a Bachelors Degree in Geology from the University of Connecticut.

Leave a Comment