The 19 Sure Spots To Find Agates In Virginia In 2023

By Dr. Keith Jackson - Geology PhD

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The 19 Sure Spots To Find Agates In Virginia In 2023

By Dr. Keith Jackson - Geology PhD


Agates are truly some of nature’s finest artwork. Just think about it: When you crack open a plain-looking rock, you might discover a hidden world of stunning colors and patterns inside. These patterns can look like wavy bands, spirals, or even tiny trees!

Every agate is unique, which makes finding one feel like uncovering a one-of-a-kind treasure. Speaking of it, if you’re eyeing to find agate in Virginia, be prepared for a bit of a challenge. They aren’t as common here as in other places. Without the right tips or guidance, you might search for hours and come up empty-handed.

That’s why we’ll share with you some of the sure spots to find Virginia agates. We’ll also help you get to know the different kinds of agate that you might encounter here. With this guide, your chances of finding one are better than ever.

What is Virginia Agate?

Close up look at an agate with amazing bands of red, white, brown, and bronze
Agate photo provided by and available for purchase at abijouxparis

At its heart, agate is a type of quartz, which is a super common mineral. But these rocks are special because they have all these cool bands and swirls of different colors. This beauty definitely puts agate’s price and value a notch higher.

Its patterns come from the way they form. They start out in holes in rocks, and over a long time, slow drips of water carrying minerals fill these holes. As the minerals build up layer by layer, they create the awesome designs that this rock is famous for.

Agates are often found in volcanic rocks or areas that had lots of volcanic activity in the past. They can also be found in certain riverbeds and beaches, where the movement of water has uncovered them over time. Some famous sources include Brazil, Mexico, and even parts of the USA.

If you’re in Virginia, you’re in luck! With a keen eye and a bit of persistence, you can uncover these hidden gems here, too.

Now, you might be wondering about where to mine for agate in Virginia, but before we dive into that, let’s quickly go through the different kinds of agates and whether you can find them here:

Moss Agates

Instead of the wavy bands that other kinds have, moss agate has patterns that look a lot like, well, moss. It has these amazing green, brown, and sometimes red inclusions that resemble branches, leaves, or plants trapped inside the stone.

But here’s a fun fact: those aren’t actual plants! These patterns are made by mineral inclusions, mainly of manganese and iron, that form in the agate. It’s like having a tiny forest captured in a stone!

Moss agate naturally occurs in Virginia, specifically in Fairfax County, but not in abundance.

Fire Agates

Fire agate is one dazzling rock that can make any rockhound’s heart race! What sets it apart from other stones is its jaw-dropping play of colors. When light hits a fire agate just right, you can see bursts of red, orange, gold, and even green.

This fiery show is all thanks to the way the stone is made. Inside a fire agate, there are thin layers of iron minerals. When light passes through these layers, it bends and scatters, creating the beautiful rainbow of colors we see.

While our state has a lot of geological goodies, unfortunately, fire agate isn’t one of them.

Blue Lace Agates

Blue lace agate is known for its beautiful soft blue colors, combined with wavy, white or lighter blue bands that resemble delicate lace. The soft, calming patterns make it easy to understand why so many people adore it.

But blue lace agate doesn’t just look pretty; it’s also popular among people who believe in the healing properties of stones. They often say it brings peace, calmness, and clarity— like a clear blue sky on a sunny day.

The most famous location for finding blue lace agate is in Namibia, Africa, which is quite far from Virginia, so, no, this beautiful rock doesn’t naturally exist here.

Smoky Agate

At first glance, smoky agate might remind you of the soft haze of smoke because of its smoky, translucent appearance.

The ‘smoky’ part of its name comes from its unique color, which can range from a light grayish hue to a deep brown, almost like the color of tea. It’s due to small amounts of natural radiation from nearby rocks interacting with the minerals in the agate.

There is one particular location in Roanoke County that holds the beauty of smoky agates. If you want more information on where to find agates and other crystals that are just as breathtaking, check out our guide on the crystal mine sites in Virginia.

How We Know About Great Locations For Agate in Virginia
With agates being so beautiful you can image that the best spots are not always advertised widely. In fact, it isn’t unusual for good places to find agates to be secrets known by just a few locals. Fortunately, you do know someone who has been around the block!

The key factors in our recommendations are:

  • The deep experience and understanding of our team about the area
  • Recommendations from local groups and clubs
  • How easy it is to get the a particular location
  • Safety and potential hazards when collecting
  • Weighing private and public locations
  • The ability for both experienced and novice agate enthusiasts to find great samples

With these factors in mind we’ve been able to put together a fantastic list that just about anyone can use!

Rock pick being used

The tools every agate hunter will need

When you're out looking for agates having the right tools for the job is really going to make or break your success. You don't need a lot for most trips but there are a handful that are critical and will make your life a lot easier.

We get asked a lot about the equipment we use. Over the years we've found a handful of tools that we recommend to both new and experienced agate hunters which we outline in great detail in our complete rockhounding tools and kit guide. These are quality options that also happen to be relatively inexpensive.

Below are the basic tools that make your life so much easier and save you a ton of time. Check out the full guide to see everything we recommend bringing. One quick note, as an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases but we try very hard to only recommend gear we would use ourselves and often recommend brands you can't find on Amazon.

At a minimum you should have:

1 - Sturdy rock hammer: The Estwing Rock Pick is our standard

2 - Rugged chisels: Try Kendo' 3-piece Chisel Set

3 - Compact shovel: The Koleiya 28-inch shovel works well

4 - Rock screen pan: The Wazakura Soil Sieve Set fits the bill

5 - Eye protection: DeWalt Safety Glasses are cheap and comfortable

6 - Head protection: Malta's Safety Helmet has been our go-to

7 - Jewelers lens with at least 20x magnification: Jarlink's Jewelers Loop is perfect

The agate-finding books that we use most

There are also a few books that have been extremely helpful in the search for gems. These books have great recommendations and tips:

National Audubon Society Field Guide to Rocks and Minerals: North America 

Southeast Treasure Hunter's Gem & Mineral Guide 

Earth Treasures: The Southeastern Quadrant 

We provide links to find these tools on Amazon but some can also be found at your local hardware stores. For more recommendations check out the link to our full tool guide above.

The Best Spots To Find Agates in Virginia

Amazing close-up look at a druzy moss agate
Druzy moss agate photo provided by Crystal Sun

As a geologically diverse state, it’s no surprise that there are many great gem mine sites in Virginia. However, not all of these sites have agates in them. If you want to focus on finding these beautiful rocks, we recommend the following sure spots:

Always Confirm Access and Collection Rules!

Before heading out to any of the locations on our list you need to confirm access requirements and collection rules for both public and private locations.

These requirements are subject to change without notice and may differ from what we state below.

Always get updated information directly from the source ahead of time to ensure responsible rockhounding.

Buck Mountain Creek

Rocky, shallow waters at the Buck Mountain Creek

Winding its way through picturesque landscapes, Buck Mountain Creek offers breathtaking views of rolling hills, lush forests, and the ever-changing face of nature. Its waters ripple over rocks and pebbles, reflecting the beauty of our countryside.

This creek sits among terrains that are both rugged and gentle. There are areas where the land rises sharply, forming hill-like structures, while other parts are flatter, providing a gentle canvas for the creek to flow.

Over millions of years, layers of sediment have been deposited here, making it a treasure trove of natural treasures. Among the rocks and minerals found in this region, the creek area is known for its agate.

Buck Mountain Creek isn’t too difficult to reach since the roads leading to it are decent. Make sure, though, to get familiar with the local collecting guidelines of Virginia before starting your exploration here.

Where we found agates in the Buck Mountain Creek

Keep your eyes peeled for beautiful gray agates when you explore the different nooks and crannies of Buck Mountain Creek.

Walker Mountain

Wide aerial view of the Walker Mountain Cluster

Standing tall and proud, Walker Mountain is part of the majestic Appalachian range. It stretches across the landscape, offering a mix of both challenging and gentle terrains.

The mountain has witnessed millions of years, and it’s got the rocks to prove it! Among the rich tapestry of minerals here, a special mention goes to agate. Over the years, geological activities like volcanic eruptions and shifting tectonic plates have blessed this area with a diverse range of rocks and minerals.

If you’re thinking of visiting, getting to Walker Mountain is a breeze. Well-maintained roads will guide you to its base, and from there, a world of exploration awaits.

Where we found agates in the Walker Mountain

You can find mesmerizing agates if you explore the sides of the Walker Mountain area.

Dixie Caverns

A look at the interesting stalactite and stalagmites inside Dixie Caverns

Located just a short drive from Roanoke, Dixie Caverns is an underground wonder that offers a maze of chambers and passageways. As you venture into it, the ground may feel a bit damp and the air cool, a stark contrast to the world outside.

The terrain inside the caverns is something straight out of a fantasy novel. Stalactites hang from the ceiling like nature’s chandeliers, and stalagmites rise from the ground. Drip by drip, as water that carries minerals seeped through the limestone, it left behind these breathtaking structures.

Inside, well-lit pathways and guided tours ensure that even those new to cave exploration can enjoy the experience safely.

If you’re wondering about the journey to Dixie Caverns, it’s a breeze! Conveniently located near major highways, getting here is straightforward. Clear signs guide the way, and there’s ample parking for visitors.

Where we found agates in Dixie Caverns

Explore the exposure behind Dixie Caverns in Salem to find beautiful pieces of agates, including smoky agates.

Bull Run Soapstone Quarry

Rocky exposures of the Bull Run Soapstone Quarry

Nestled in the northern part of Virginia, Bull Run Soapstone Quarry has been a hotspot for those curious about the secrets buried beneath the ground.

The quarry’s terrain is both rugged and revealing. Over time, as rock was extracted, nature’s layers were exposed. The primary rock here, as the name suggests, is soapstone. But wait, there’s more! Hidden among the soapstone are traces of agate!

If you’re eager to visit Bull Run Soapstone Quarry, you’re in for a treat. Situated not too far from urban centers, the quarry is relatively easy to access. Main roads will lead you close, and from there, a short drive or walk will bring you to the site.

Where we found agates in the Bull Run Soapstone Quarry

You can find dark red moss agates if you search through the different parts of the Bull Run Soapstone Quarry in Centreville.

Fairfax Courthouse

A look at the exteriors of the Fairfax Courthouse

Fairfax Courthouse is not just a place of history, but also a site of geological intrigue! Situated in the bustling heart of Fairfax County, it’s more than just legal proceedings and historical buildings.

While parts of its terrain have been developed, reflecting its urban setting, you’ll also find pockets of greenery, gentle hills, and small streams. These natural landscapes hint at the area’s geological past.

Beneath the ground, a variety of rocks and minerals can be found, and among them are hints and whispers of agate!

Being a central location, Fairfax Courthouse is well-connected by major roads and public transportation, so going here is pretty easy. Whether you’re coming in by car, bus, or metro, clear signage will guide you.

Where we found agates in the Fairfax Courthouse

Explore the area cuts of Fairfax Courthouse to find stunning agate specimens.

Other Great Places To Find Agates in Virginia

A beautiful floater agate with vivid bands and swirls of yellow, white, and orange
Agate photo provided by Turkish Agate Stones

On top of our recommended sure spots to find agates in Virginia, you can also choose to visit and explore the following agate-bearing sites here:

Our recommendations by county

County Location
Amelia Morefield Mine
Arlington Long Branch
Chesterfield Gravel pits in Richmond-Petersburg Toll Road
Loudoun Mt. Zion Church
Loudoun Hamilton
Pittsylvania Gardner Farm
Pittsylvania U.S. Highway 360 roadcut

Additional areas you can find agates

We recommend paying extra attention to the following general areas where agates are usually hiding. This is especially helpful if you’re exploring places that cover big areas.

Streams and Creeks

As nature’s conveyor belts, streams and creeks carry away soil and reveal hidden treasures beneath. As water flows, it erodes the surrounding rocks and land. This process can uncover stones that were buried deep underground, including agates.

As Virginia’s creeks and streams wind their way through mountainous regions and ancient geological formations, they wash down agates from their original locations.

So, when you’re exploring a creek bed, especially after a good rain, you might just spot an agate peeking out from the wet gravel.


For anyone with a love for rocks, a visit to a quarry can be like a day at a candy store!

When we dig deep into the ground to extract rocks, we’re also revealing hidden gems that have been tucked away for ages. Agates are one of these treasures. When the ground is broken up in quarries, these beauties can come to the surface.

In Virginia, quarries are more than just holes in the ground. They’re treasure troves! As machines and workers move and break the earth, agates that once were buried deep can be exposed to the light of day.

Road Cuts

Imagine slicing a big cake and seeing all the yummy layers inside. That’s what road cuts are like! When roads are built through hilly or mountainous areas, the earth gets cut away, revealing its inner layers.

Our state has a good number of these road cuts. As the roads weave through it, they expose rocks that might have been hidden for thousands, even millions, of years. Since the layers are so clearly visible on road cuts, spotting the patterns of agates becomes a tad easier.

So, if you’re driving through Virginia and spot a road cut, it might be worth a stop (safely, of course). Behind those layers of rock and dirt could be a shimmering find.

Common Agate-Hunting Questions

A pretty red Lake Superior agate with amazing bands and swirls of white, red, orange, and yellow
Lake Superior agate photo provided by Andy Lee

Here, we’ll answer what we’ve observed as the most frequently asked question when it comes to finding Virginia agates:

Is it illegal to collect agate in Virginia?

It’s legal to collect agates in Virginia for as long as you do so in compliance with our state’s collecting guidelines. It pays to know and check in advance if the area you’re planning on exploring is a designated collecting site.

It’s also crucial to be aware of any area-specific rules and regulations as they help you ensure your safety, while also protecting the environment and keeping rockhounding a sustainable activity in our state for years to come.

The Best Places To Buy Agates In Virginia

If you have limited resources to go on full-blown agate hunting here, you can also choose to visit our local rock and mineral shops that showcase and sell agates. Some of the best ones that we have are the following:

If you have any recommendations for our list please leave a comment below!

About Dr. Keith Jackson - Geology PhD

Keith Jackson is an avid rockhound who is constantly exploring new sites to expand his collection. He has worked as a professional Geologist for over 20 years and holds a PhD in Geology from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, a Masters Degree in Geology from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and a Bachelors Degree in Geology from the University of Connecticut.

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